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From about AD 500-900, The Montezuma Valley of southwestern Colorado was one of the most densely populated areas in the northern Southwest. During the Pueblo I era, the largest populations in the northern Southwest could be found there. After a period of outmigration beginning at the end of the 800s, population in the Valley remained low until it began to rebound after the first quarter of the 1000s. Only a few very large sites were continuously occupied during the Basketmaker III-Pueblo III era and most of those were located near good soils, a reliable available water source, and good resources.
Seen in the photo above is T. Mitchell Prudden, Clayton Wetherill, and Henry Hunn working at Prudden #1 at Mitchell Springs (circa 1913).
Prudden #1 at Mitchell Springs after excavation. T. Mitchell Prudden at middle right in photo.
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